A Preemptive Priority Handoff Scheme in Integrated Voice and Data Cellular Mobile Systems

Bo LI  Qing-An ZENG  Kaiji MUKUMOTO  Akira FUKUDA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E82-B   No.10   pp.1633-1642
Publication Date: 1999/10/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Mobile Communication
mobile communication systems,  integration of voice and data handoff scheme,  preemptive priority,  

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In this paper, we propose a preemptive priority handoff scheme for integrated voice/data cellular mobile systems. In our scheme, calls are divided into three different classes: handoff voice calls, originating voice calls, and data calls. In each cell of the system there is a queue only for data calls. Priority is given to handoff voice calls over the other two kinds of calls. That is, the right to preempt the service of data is given to a handoff voice call if on arrival it finds no idle channels. The interrupted data call returns to the queue. The system is modeled by a two-dimensional Markov chain. We apply the Successive Over-Relaxation (SOR) method to obtain the equilibrium state probabilities. Blocking and forced termination probabilities for voice calls are obtained. Moreover, average queue length and average transmission delay of data calls are evaluated. The results are compared with another handoff scheme for integrated voice/data cellular mobile systems where some numbers of channels are reserved for voice handoff calls. It is shown that, when the data traffic is not very light, the new scheme can provide lower blocking probability for originating voice calls, lower forced termination probability for ongoing voice calls, and shorter average queue length and less average transmission delay for data calls.