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A Method of Inserting Binary Data into MPEG Video in the Compressed Domain
Hitoshi KIYA Yoshihiro NOGUCHI Ayuko TAKAGI Hiroyuki KOBAYASHI
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
Publication Date: 1999/08/25
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Digital Signal Processing)
inserting binary data, MPEG, digital library, watermarking,
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In many applications of digital video database systems such as digital library, video data is often compressed with MPEG video algorithms. It will be an important technique to insert the additional information data like indexes and contents effectively into video database which is compressed with MPEG, because we can always deal with the additional information with video data itself easily. We propose a method for inserting optional binary data such as index information of digital library into MPEG-1 and -2 bitstreams. The binary data inserted MPEG video bitstreams using our proposed scheme are also according to the specification of the MPEG video frame structure. The proposed method allows us to extract the inserted binary data perfectly though MPEG-1 and -2 video are lossy algorithms. And the quality of decoded images after extracting added information is almost the same as that of ordinary MPEG bitstreams. Furthermore, traditional standard MPEG-1 and -2 video decoder which can not extract inserted binary data can also decode images from the binary data inserted MPEG video bitstreams without obvious image degradation. There are some different points between the proposed insertion technique of the binary data and the watermarking technique. The technique of watermarking prepares to deal with alter watermarking by others. And the technique of watermarking is required for the identification of the signature and the perfect extraction of the inserted image signature is not required in the lossy MPEG video environment. On the other hand, we have to extract all of the inserted binary information data correctly with the insertion technique of the binary information. Simulations using MPEG video sequences with inserted binary data are presented to quantify some performance factors concerned. We have not heard about inserting data method which purpose is such as index and content information insertion.