Classified Vector Quantization for Image Compression Using Direction Classification

Chou-Chen WANG  Chin-Hsing CHEN  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E82-A   No.3   pp.535-542
Publication Date: 1999/03/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Image Theory
image coding,  classified vector quantization,  image processing,  

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In this paper, a classified vector quantization (CVQ) method using a novel direction based classifier is proposed. The new classifier uses a distortion measure related to the angle between vectors to determine the similarity of vectors. The distortion measure is simple and adequate to classify various edge types other than single and straight line types, which limit the size of image block to a rather small size. Simulation results show that the proposed technique can achieve better perceptual quality and edge integrity at a larger block size, as compared to other CVQs. It is shown when the vector dimension is changed from 16(4 4) to 64(8 8), the average bit rate can be reduced from 0. 684 bpp to 0.191, whereas the PSNR degradation is only about 1.2 dB.