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A Pipelined Architecture for Normalized LMS Adaptive Digital Filters
Akio HARADA Kiyoshi NISHIKAWA Hitoshi KIYA
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
Publication Date: 1999/02/25
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on VLSI for Digital Signal Processing)
adaptive digital filter, pipeline processing, normalized LMS algorithm,
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A pipelined architecture is proposed for the normalized least mean square (NLMS) adaptive digital filter (ADF). Pipelined implementation of the NLMS has not yet been proposed. The proposed architecture is the first attempt to implement the NLMS ADF in the pipelined fashion. The architecture is based on an equivalent expression of the NLMS derived in this study. It is shown that the proposed architecture achieves a constant and a short critical path without producing output latency. In addition, it retains the advantage of the NLMS, i. e. , that the step size that assures the convergence is determined automatically. Computer simulation results that confirm that the proposed architecture achieves convergence characteristics identical to those of the NLMS.