Microwave Attenuation Reduction Techniques for Wide-Band Ti:LiNbO3 Optical Modulators

Rangaraj MADABHUSHI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E81-C   No.8   pp.1321-1327
Publication Date: 1998/08/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on High-Capacity WDM/TDM Networks)
Category: 
Keyword: 
LiNbO3,  optical modulator,  CPW electrode,  optical waveguide,  optical communication systems,  

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Summary: 
The microwave attenuation, which is the key factor for realizing very large bandwidths Ti:LiNbO3 optical modulators is fully studied and the causes and reduction techniques are discussed in detail. Practical realization of wide-band optical modulators with low microwave attenuation and low driving voltage is also discussed.