Wide-Wavelength-Range Modulator-Integrated DFB Laser Diodes Fabricated on a Single Wafer

Masayuki YAMAGUCHI  Koji KUDO  Hiroyuki YAMAZAKI  Masashige ISHIZAKA  Tatsuya SASAKI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E81-C   No.8   pp.1219-1224
Publication Date: 1998/08/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Issue on High-Capacity WDM/TDM Networks)
Category: Active Devices for Photonic Networks
distributed feedback laser diode,  WDM,  grating,  EB lithography,  optical modulator,  MOVPE,  

Full Text: PDF>>
Buy this Article

Different-wavelength distributed feedback laser diodes with integrated modulators (DFB/MODs) are fabricated on a single wafer operate at wavelengths from 1. 52 µm to 1. 59 µm, a range comparable to the expanded Er-doped fiber amplifier gain band. A newly developed field-size-variation electron-beam lithography enables grating pitch to be controlled to within 0. 0012 nm, and narrow-stripe selective metal-organic vapor-phase epitaxy is used to control the bandgap wavelength of laser active layers and modulator absorption layers for each channel. The channel spacing of fabricated 40-channel DFB/MODs is 214 GHz in average with a standard deviation of 0. 39 nm. Very uniform lasing and modulating performances are achieved, such as threshold currents about 10 mA and extinction ratios about 20 dB at -2 V in average. These devices have been used to demonstrate 2. 5-Gb/s transmission over 600 km of a normal fiber with a power penalty of less than 1 dB.