A Chip Set for Programmable Real-Time MPEG2 MP@ML Video Encoder

Tetsuya MATSUMURA  Hiroshi SEGAWA  Satoshi KUMAKI  Yoshinori MATSUURA  Atsuo HANAMI  Kazuya ISHIHARA  Shin-ichi NAKAGAWA  Tadashi KASEZAWA  Yoshihide AJIOKA  Atsushi MAEDA  Masahiko YOSHIMOTO  Tadashi SUMI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E81-C   No.5   pp.680-694
Publication Date: 1998/05/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Multimedia, Network, and DRAM LSIs)
video compression/decompression,  video encoder,  MPEG2,  video signal processor,  

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This paper describes a chip set architecture and its implementation for programmable MPEG2 MP@ML (main profile at main level) video encoder. The chip set features a functional partitioning architecture based on the MPEG2 layer structure. Using this partitioning scheme, an optimized system configuration with double bus structure is proposed. In addition, a hybrid architecture with dual video-oriented on-chip RISC processors and dedicated hardware and a hierarchical pipeline scheme covering all layers are newly introduced to realize flexibility. Also, effective motion estimation is achieved by a scalable solution for high picture quality. Adopting these features, three kinds of VLSI have been developed using 0. 5 micron double metal CMOS technology. The chip set consists of a controller-LSI (C-LSI), a macroblock level pixel processor-LSI (P-LSI) and a motion estimation-LSI (ME-LSI). The chip set combined with synchronous DRAMs (SDRAM) supports all the layer processing including rate-control and realizes real-time encoding for ITU-R-601 resolution video (720480 pixels at 30 frames/s) with glue less logic. The exhaustive motion estimation capability is scalable up to 63. 5 and 15. 5 in the horizontal and vertical directions respectively. This chip set solution realizes a low cost MPEG2 video encoder system with excellent video quality on a single PC extension board. The evaluation system and application development environment is also introduced.