Arc and Contact Resistance Characteristics of Ag and Pd Contacts in Dielectric Liquids

Toshiro HAYAKAWA  Koichiro SAWA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E81-C   No.3   pp.392-398
Publication Date: 1998/03/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Electromechanical Devices and their Surface Science)
Category: 
Keyword: 
arc discharge,  contact resistance,  Ag and Pd contacts,  dielectric liquid,  

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Summary: 
Arc and contact resistance characteristics of Ag and Pd contacts were determined in several kinds of dielectric liquids, such as distilled water, methanol and n-hexane, under the inductive load condition. The experimental results showed that arc discharge types are dependent on dielectric liquids. A steady arc develops in air under this test condition. However, it was found that not the steady arc but the showering arc occurs in distilled water and methanol at a low load current. It was demonstrated that this phenomenon is caused by the high capacitance generated by the ambient dielectric liquid. Also, in almost all cases, the contact resistance behavior in dielectric liquids is satisfactory because metal spots remain on the contact surface. However, in n-hexane, the contact resistance tends to deteriorate, particularly for the Ag contact, with increasing load current. It seems that the deterioration of contact resistance is caused by carbon included in n-hexane.