Influence of the Shape of Contact Surface on the Spatial Distribution of Spectral Intensity of Breaking Arcs in Palladium Contacts

Mitsuru TAKEUCHI  Takayoshi KUBONO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E81-C   No.3   pp.384-391
Publication Date: 1998/03/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Electromechanical Devices and their Surface Science)
Pd contacts,  breaking arc,  shape of contact surface,  spectroscopy,  

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In a DC 50 V/5 A circuit, the relationship between the number of breaking arcs and the spatial distribution of the spectral intensity of breaking arcs of long duration near the cathode in palladium contact were examined through substitution of the contact surfaces of three different shapes: flat and spherical (1 mm radius and 2 mm radius). Findings show the distribution of spectral intensity in Pd arcs to be influenced remarkably by the shape of contact surface and the number of breaking arcs. However, the temperature of Pd arcs was affected neither by the shape of contact surface nor by the number of breaking arcs. The metal-vapor quantity present differed for flat and spherical surface contacts; however, it was not affected by the radius of the curved contact surfaces or by the number of breaking arcs. Additionally, the longer the duration of the breaking arc, the more metal-vapor was presented in the beginning of the arc. Furthermore, arc tracks on contact surfaces were observed with microscopes, clarifying that the relationship between the area of the clouded white metal on the cathode and the shape of contact surface is the same as the relationship between the existent area of measured spectra and the shape of the contact surface.