A Novel Optical Control Technique Using Tunable Inductance Circuits

Hitoshi HAYASHI  Masashi NAKATSUGAWA  Tadao NAKAGAWA  Masahiro MURAGUCHI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E81-C   No.2   pp.299-304
Publication Date: 1998/02/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Microwave and Millimeter Wave Technology
Keyword: 
optical,  control,  tunable,  inductance,  circuit,  

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Summary: 
Recently fiber optic links have been applied to radio signal distribution networks and also to signal feeder networks for phased array antennas, because they are able to offer wide bandwidth for achieving the high bit-rates and large capacity needed in the multimedia age. In these networks, a great many modules are needed to convert optical signals to radio signals. In order to reduce the complexity and cost of these modules, direct optical control techniques, which inject optical signals directly into microwave circuits, are very attractive. Thus, this paper proposes a novel optical control technique using tunable inductance circuits. This technique employs direct illumination as a means of optically tuning the inductance. Since the inductance value is inversely proportional to the square of the transconductance, it varies widely when the FET is directly illuminated. With direct illumination, the measured inductance variation in an experimental inductance circuit built with Pseudomorphic AlGaAs/InGaAs/GaAs HEMTs is more than 20 % from 0.5 to 2 GHz. As an application, a direct optically controlled oscillator was fabricated. The measured optical tuning range of the oscillation frequency is more than 19 % with an output power of -51 dBm. This is a promising technique for a variety of devices, including optically controlled oscillators, filters, phase shifters, and active antennas.