Photoirradiation Effects in a Single-Electron Tunnel Junction Array

Michiharu TABE
Yoichi TERAO
Noboru ASAHI
Yoshihito AMEMIYA

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E81-C    No.1    pp.36-41
Publication Date: 1998/01/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Technology Challenges for Single Electron Devices)
Category: 
Keyword: 
SET,  photoirradiation,  Monte Carlo simulation,  photonic devices,  

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Summary: 
Area-restricted illumination of light onto a voltage-biased single-electron tunnel junction array is modeled by reduced resistance of junctions, and its effects on current-voltage characteristics, charge distributions and potential profiles are calculated by a Monte Carlo method. The results show that photocurrent nearly proportional to the applied voltage is generated above a threshold voltage determined by Coulomb blockade effect. The photocurrent increases with increasing irradiated area, which is ascribed to reduction in total resistance of the circuit. Under irradiation, a characteristic charge distribution is formed, i. e. , negative and positive charge bumps are formed in the nodes at the dark and bright boundaries. The charge bumps serve to screen the electric field formed by the bias voltage and create almost a flat potential in the irradiated area. Furthermore, time-response of the charge distribution to a pulse irradiation is also studied. For high dark resistance, the charge bumps are sustained for a long period working as a memory of light. These results suggest feasibility of single-electron photonic devices such as photodetectors and photomemories.