Performance of the Modified PML Absorbing Boundary Condition for Propagating and Evanescent Waves in Three-Dimensional Structures

Zhewang MA

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E81-C    No.12    pp.1892-1897
Publication Date: 1998/12/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section LETTER (Special Issue on Computational Electromagnetics)
FDTD method,  absorbing boundary condition,  perfectly matched layer (PML),  modified PML,  evanescent waves,  

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The recently proposed modified PML (MPML) absorbing boundary condition is extended to three dimensions. The performance of the MPML is investigated by FDTD simulation of a typical microstrip line and a rectangular waveguide. The dominant and higher order modes of the microstrip line and the waveguide are excited separately in the computation. In all of the cases of excitation, the reflection properties of the MPML boundaries are examined for the side walls and the end walls, respectively. Various values of the permittivity and permeability of the MPML medium are tested in the computation, and the variation behavior of reflection from the MPML boundaries is examined. The numerical results reveal that by choosing appropriate values of the permittivity and permeability of the MPML, we can realize efficient absorption of both evanescent waves and propagating waves over a wide frequency band.