Mobility Management Schemes and Their Characteristics for Advanced Personal Communication Services in Distributed Environments

Hideaki YOSHINO  Hisao YAMAMOTO  Hideaki MATSUE  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E81-B   No.6   pp.1162-1170
Publication Date: 1998/06/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Communication Networks and Services
PCS,  mobility management,  traffic design,  signaling traffic,  

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A mobility management scheme that reduces signaling traffic load and connection setup time is a pivotal issue in designing future personal communication service (PCS) networks to satisfy Quality of Services requirements and use network resources efficiently. Particularly, required is scalable mobility management, to meet the explosive growth in number of users for the current second-generation wireless communication systems, and to materialize PCS concepts such as terminal, personal, and service mobility. Many mobility management schemes have been proposed for the reduction of signaling traffic. However, these schemes have not been sufficiently compared using a unified performance measure that is free of assumptions as to mobility model or database architecture. In this paper, we categorize the various mobility management schemes for advanced PCSs in distributed environments into four types and clarify the appropriate domain for each type. To do this, we settled on the number of signals at connection setup and location registration as a unified performance measure, since this value closely relates to connection setup time and network efficiency. We found two kinds of schemes with replicating and caching functions of user information that are extremely effective for reducing signaling load and hence connection setup time. These schemes are appropriate when the probability that a user is in his/her home area is relatively small or the connection setup rate is relatively high compared to the location registration rate. These are the most likely situations in the advanced PCS for global environments.