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Intramedia Synchronization Control Based on Delay Estimation by Kalman Filtering
Sirirat TREETASANATAVORN Toshiyuki YOSHIDA Yoshinori SAKAI
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
Publication Date: 1998/05/25
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Communication Networks and Services
multimedia, media synchronization, intramedia synchronization, delay estimation, Kalman filtering,
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In this paper, we propose an idea for intramedia synchronization control using a method of end-to-end delay monitoring to estimate future delay in delay compensation protocol. The estimated value by Kalman filtering at the presentation site is used for feedback control to adjust the retrieval schedule at the source according to the network conditions. The proposed approach is applicable for the real time retrieving application where `tightness' of temporal synchronization is required. The retrieval schedule adjustment is achieved by two resynchronization mechanisms-retrieval offset adjustment and data unit skipping. The retrieval offset adjustment is performed along with a buffer level check in order to compensate for the change in delay jitter, while the data unit skipping control is performed to accelerate the recovery of unsynchronization period under severe conditions. Simulations are performed to verify the effectiveness of the proposed scheme. It is found that with a limited buffer size and tolerable latency in initial presentation, using a higher efficient delay estimator in our proposed resynchronization scheme, the synchronization performance can be improved particularly in the critically congested network condition. In the study, Kalman filtering is shown to perform better than the existing estimation methods using the previous measured jitter or the average value as an estimate.