A Variable Length Code Transmission Technique on Multicode DS/SS Systems

Yukitoshi SANADA  Kiyomichi ARAKI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E81-B   No.3   pp.625-636
Publication Date: 1998/03/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Radio Communication
variable length code,  multicode DS/SS,  image transmission,  

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In this paper, a new variable length code transmission technique utilizing multicode DS/SS is proposed. A common problem associated with the use of variable length codes over wireless channels is loss of synchronization due to bit inversion caused by channel noise. The loss of synchronization produces burst errors in the received source symbols. The proposed system assigns multiple spreading codes to a single user to transmit variable length codes. The number of the spreading codes is equal to the maximum bit length of the codewords. All the bits of the codeword are spread and transmitted at one time by utilizing the assigned multiple spreading codes. Therefore no synchronization of the codeword is required. This paper evaluates the performance of the proposed technique over an AWGN channel and a Rayleigh fading channel. Our results show that the proposed technique improves the symbol error rate (SER) performance by 2-3 dB on the AWGN channel and 10-20 dB on the Rayleigh fading channel as compared with a conventional transmission technique. The source-channel coding suitable for the proposed technique improves the performance by another 15 dB on the Rayleigh fading channel. The proposed transmission technique works even in a low Es/No region.