ATM Nodes with Light-Weight Flow-Control for High-Speed, Multi-Protocol ATM-WAN


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E81-B    No.2    pp.392-401
Publication Date: 1998/02/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on ATM Switching Systems for future B-ISDN)
Category: Control and performance
ATM,  switching system,  flow control,  propagation delay,  ABR (available bit rate),  

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We propose ATM switching nodes with a feedback rate control scheme, AREX, which does not require a large buffer space and does not deteriorate throughput even in large-scale and high-speed ATM-WANs. The goal of our study is to establish the ATM multi-protocol emulation network ALPEN, which is an ATM-WAN architecture for establishing a backbone for multimedia networks. ALPEN achieves an ATM-WAN which is robust against long propagation delays. It also provides high performance without a large buffer space in an ATM-WAN environment. In ALPEN, each transit node informs the edge nodes only its residual bandwidth ratio. The edge nodes support multiple ATM-layer services by emulating them based on the information notified by transit nodes. Our research has been directed towards achieving high performance ABR (Available Bit Rate) service in an ATM-WAN by using ALPEN. The conventional ABR service requires transit nodes to have relatively high calculation power and large buffer space to overcome the effect of the long propagation delays common in WANs. ALPEN node systems have been developed for trials with actual network traffic. ALPEN with AREX reduces the calculation load of transit nodes for ABR service. That is confirmed by the size of the DSP program created for a test system. ALPEN with AREX is, therefore, able to emulate ABR service with higher performance in ATM-WANs, because ALPEN edge nodes are able to indicate the users allowed by ER (Explicit Rate) feedback. The network throughput, maximum queue length at congestion point, and burst transmission rate are determined by simulation. ALPEN with AREX achieves better performances than the conventional ABR network.