A Unified Lossless Coding Scheme for Gray-Level, Bi-Level and Compound Images

Shigeo KATO  Muling GUO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E81-B   No.12   pp.2536-2543
Publication Date: 1998/12/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Source Encoding
Keyword: 
source coding,  image coding,  data compression,  lossless coding,  unified coding,  

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Summary: 
A unified source coding method is highly desired for many systems that deal with images diversifying from 1 bit/pel bi-level documents to SHD (Super High Definition) images of 12 bit/pel for each color component, and progressive coding that allows images to be reconstructed with increasing pixel accuracy or spatial resolution is essential for many applications including World Wide Web, medical images archive, digital library, pre-press and quick look applications. In this paper, we propose a unified continuous-tone and bi-level image coding method with pyramidal and progressive transmission feature. Hierarchical structure is constructed by interlacing subsampling, and each hierarchy is encoded by DPCM combined with reduced Markov model. Simulation results show that the proposed method is a little inferior than JBIG for bi-level image coding but can achieve better lossless compression ratio for gray-level image coding than CREW, in which wavelet transform is exploited to construct hierarchical structure.