Dual Bus Architecture for HFC Networks with Interactive VOD as an Application Example

Chin-Ling CHEN  Ruay-Shiung CHANG  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E81-B   No.10   pp.1803-1810
Publication Date: 1998/10/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Communication Networks and Services
Keyword: 
dual bus network,  interactive video on demand,  performance,  delay,  hybrid fiber coaxial,  

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Summary: 
Video on demand is regarded as one of the most important applications in future broadband networks. Although several trial runs in various parts of the world do not bring instant success, its inherent requirements for bandwidth and bounded delay make it a suitable candidate for studying various networks and protocols in real-time applications. Recently, the Hybrid Fiber Coaxial (HFC) networks emerged as network architecture for bringing broadband services to the home. The co-axial cable network uses a tree-like architecture and requires complex protocols for synchronizing and sharing uplink communications among many users. This paper proposes that a dual bus network may be a simpler and cost effective alternative. We implement an interactive VOD (IVOD) system as an example to demonstrate its simplicity and suitability as a community network. The system uses client/server architecture with guaranteed bandwidth and bounded delays. Simulations are conducted to test the network load and response time for different number of users. The results indicate its feasibility and the delay time can be further reduced by releasing bandwidth during the pause operation.