The Application of Fuzzy Hopfield Neural Network to Design Better Codebook for Image Vector Quantization

Jzau-Sheng LIN  Shao-Han LIU  Chi-Yuan LIN  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E81-A   No.8   pp.1645-1651
Publication Date: 1998/08/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Digital Signal Processing)
Category: 
Keyword: 
vector quantization,  Hopfield net,  fuzzy Hopfield net,  

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Summary: 
In this paper, the application of an unsupervised parallel approach called the Fuzzy Hopfield Neural Network (FHNN) for vector qunatization in image compression is proposed. The main purpose is to embed fuzzy reasoning strategy into neural networks so that on-line learning and parallel implementation for codebook design are feasible. The object is to cast a clustering problem as a minimization process where the criterion for the optimum vector qunatization is chosen as the minimization of the average distortion between training vectors. In order to generate feasible results, a fuzzy reasoning strategy is included in the Hopfield neural network to eliminate the need of finding weighting factors in the energy function that is formulated and based on a basic concept commonly used in pattern classification, called the "within-class scatter matrix" principle. The suggested fuzzy reasoning strategy has been proven to allow the network to learn more effectively than the conventional Hopfield neural network. The FHNN based on the within-class scatter matrix shows the promising results in comparison with the c-means and fuzzy c-means algorithms.