Root-MUSIC Based Joint Identification and Timing Estimation of Asynchronous CDMA System over Rayleigh Fading Channel

Wei-Chiang WU
Kwang-Cheng CHEN

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E81-A    No.8    pp.1550-1559
Publication Date: 1998/08/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Digital Signal Processing)
root-MUSIC,  CDMA,  MAP,  CRLB,  efficiency ratio,  

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An efficient algorithm is proposed to identify the active users and extracting their respective timing information in asynchronous direct sequence CDMA (DS-CDMA) communication system over Rayleigh fading channel. The joint identification and timing estimation algorithm is derived by performing discrete Fourier transform (DFT) on the observation vector and exploiting the uniqueness and nullity characteristics of the root-MUSIC test polynomial. The root-MUSIC based algorithm is shown to be asymptotically near-far resistant. Compared to the maximum a posteriori (MAP) or maximum likelihood (ML) based multiuser timing estimator, the complexity is greatly reduced by separating the multi-dimensional optimization problem into several polynomial rooting problems. Moreover, we characterize the dependence of system performance with respect to signature sequence length, number of active users, window size, desired user's signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and crosscorrelation property of the code structure. The analytical results reveal that under the uncorrelated Rayleigh fading model, the root-MUSIC timing estimator tends to achieve the Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB) at interesting signature sequence length and desired user's SNR.