On Improved FPGA Greedy Routing Architectures

Yu-Liang WU  Douglas CHANG  Malgorzata MAREK-SADOWSKA  Shuji TSUKIYAMA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E81-A   No.12   pp.2485-2491
Publication Date: 1998/12/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on VLSI Design and CAD Algorithms)
Category: Layout Optimization
FPGA architecture,  FPGA Greedy routing architecture,  

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The mapping from a global routing to a feasible detailed routing in a number of 2D array routing structures has been shown to be an NP-complete problem. These routing structures include the Xilinx style routing architecture, as well as architectures with significantly higher switching flexibility. In response to this complexity, a different class of FPGA routing structures called Greedy Routing Architectures (GRAs) have been proposed. On GRAs, optimally routing each switch box, in a specified order, leads to an optimal chip routing. Because routing each switch box takes polynomial time, the mapping problem on GRAs can be solved in polynomial time. In particular, an H-tree GRA with W2+2W switches per switch box (SpSB) and a 2D array GRA with 4W2+2W SpSB have been proposed. In this paper, we improve on these results by introducing an H-tree GRA with W2/2+2W SpSB and a 2D array GRA with 3.5W2+2W SpSB. These new GRAs have the same desirable mapping properties of the previously described GRAs, but use fewer switches.