Application of Turbo TCM Codes for Impulsive Noise Channel

Kiyoyuki KOIKE  Haruo OGIWARA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E81-A   No.10   pp.2032-2039
Publication Date: 1998/10/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Information Theory and Its Applications)
Category: Coded Modulation
turbo codes,  trellis coding,  coded modulation,  impulsive noise,  

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A turbo TCM system is applied to a channel with overall noise which is equal to the additive combination of impulsive Gaussian noise and Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN). By taking the distribution of the previously mentioned overall noise into account, a decoding algorithm for Poisson occurrence impulsive noise is derived as an extension of that for AWGN. A simulation result shows that Eb/N0 difference from Shannon limit to realize BER=10-4 is 0. 493 dB. To investigate the effect of burst noise, we discuss the case of additive impulsive noise with Markovian occurrence which is represented by Hidden Markov Model. A decoding algorithm for Markovian noise is proposed. In the iterative decoding for the Markovian channel, the decoding algorithms for Markovian and Poisson noise are applied separately to the two component decoders. The decoding algorithm for Markovian noise is used in the component decoder wherein received signal is directly fed, while the decoding algorithm for Poisson noise is used in the component decoder wherein received signal is fed after passing an interleaver. This paper also shows simulation results that include the effects of varying the noise parameters in the decoding. In the Markovian case, when smaller value of variance of impulsive noise is used, the observed flattening of BER performance is more serious compared to the effect in the Poisson noise channel. No flattening is observed when large value is used.