Wide-Angle Coupling to Multi-Mode Interference DevicesA Novel Concept for Compacting Photonic Integrated Circuits

Martin BOUDA  Yoshiaki NAKANO  Kunio TADA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E80-C   No.5   pp.640-645
Publication Date: 1997/05/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Photonic Integrated Circuits)
compact MMI devices,  field mirrors,  power splitters,  wide-angle coupling,  photonic integration,  mode expansion method,  

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Extremely compact multi-mode interference (MMI) devices using central wide-angle coupling of input and output waveguides are proposed. It is shown that MMI can be used to change the propagation direction of light without the need for corner mirrors or bent waveguides. The concept can also be used for very compact power splitters which are even smaller than conventional MMI power splitters. Coupling between waveguides at wide angles is discussed and a number of regularities are found. The results can be useful for the design of more compact integrated circuits by a reduction of the number of bent waveguides which usually take up the largest part of the area of a photonic integrated circuit.