Microwave Energy Transmission System for Microrobot

Takayuki SHIBATA  Yutaka AOKI  Manabu OTSUKA  Takaharu IDOGAKI  Tadashi HATTORI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E80-C   No.2   pp.303-308
Publication Date: 1997/02/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Micromachine Technology)
Category: Energy
microrobot,  microwave,  energy transmission,  wireless,  waveguide,  

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The majority of independent locomotion microrobots pack batteries as their energy source. However, because the energy that can be stored in a battery is proportional to its volume, the operating time becomes shorter as the robot becomes smaller. To solve this problem the energy must be supplied from outside by wireless transmission. We propose a microwave energy transmission system for microrobots in metal piping. Because microwave is rectified and converted in the form of electric energy in this system, we developed a receiving antenna for microrobots in piping and a microwave rectifying circuit to generate high voltage. These were loaded on a microrobot, tested to drive a locomotive mechanism, and the efficiency of the proposed system was confirmed.