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Spot-size Converter Integrated Laser Diodes (SS-LDs)
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics
Publication Date: 1997/01/25
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Devices, Packaging Technology, and Subsystems for the Optical Access Network)
multi media, low cost, spot-size converted lasers, two-inch substrate,
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We studied three types of lasers emitting narrow beam divergence of output light: 1) a spot-size converter integrated laser diodes (SS-LDs) with a vertically tapered waveguide, 2) one with a laterally tapered waveguide, and 3) one consisting of a small cross section of active region. We compared them with regard to their performance in coupling efficiency to a cleaved single mode fiber, threshold current, output power, and reliability. Both the spot-size converted integrated lasers with vertically and laterally tapered waveguide repeatedly provided low threshold currents of as low as 6 mA and low coupling loss to the fiber of 1.2 to 2.5 dB in two inch wafer processes. As a result of the aging test, the SS-lasers were predicted to have the same degradation rate as a conventional buried heterostructure laser. The laser having a small cross section of active layer also has low coupling loss and high efficiency up to 85.