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A Modified Code Tracking Loop for Direct-Sequence Spread-Spectrum Systems on Frequency-Selective Fading channels
Jia-Chin LIN Lin-Shan LEE
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
Publication Date: 1997/07/25
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Mobile Communication
code tracking, DS/SS, MRC, EMRC, frequency selective fading,
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A modified fully-digital code tracking loop is proposed in this paper for direct-sequence spread-spectrum signaling on a frequency-selective fading channel. A data-modulated channel estimator is used to cope with the time-varying Rayleigh fading effect and the data modulation effect, and extract the desired error signal from each path independently in the multipath environments. By taking advantage of the inherent diversity with the maximal ratio combining (MRC) or a proposed Even/odd maximal ratio combining (EMRC) technique, this modified code tracking loop can avoid the problem due to the drift or flutter effects of the error characteristics, and provide better performance on frequency selective fading channels. Extensive computer simulation has verified the analysis and indicated very attractive behavior of the proposed digital tracking loop.