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Adaptive Maximum Likelihood Detection of MPSK Signals in Frequency Nonselective Fast Rayleigh Fading
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
Publication Date: 1997/07/25
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Radio Communication
maximum likelihood detection, adaptive channel estimation, Rayleigh fading,
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Adaptive maximum likelihood (ML) detection implemented by the Viterbi algorithm (VA) is proposed for the reception of MPSK signals in frequency nonselective fast Rayleigh fading. M-state VA, each state in the VA trellis represents a signal constellation point, is used. Diversity reception is incorporated into the structure of Viterbi decoding. The pilot symbol (unmodulated carrier) is periodically inserted to terminate the trellis so that the phase ambiguity of the detected data sequence is avoided. Applying the per-survivor processing principle (PSPP), adaptive ML detection performs adaptive channel estimation using a simple linear predictor at all trellis states in parallel. The predictor coefficient is stochastically adapted without requiring a priori knowledge of fading channel statistics, based on a recursive least-squares (RLS) adaptation algorithm, to match changes in the statistical properties of the channel (i.e., AWGN of fast/slow fading) using both data and pilot symbols. Simulations of 4PSK signal transmission demonstrate that the proposed adaptive ML detection scheme can track fast fading, thus significantly reducing the irreducible bit error rate (BER) due to Doppler spread in the fading channel. It is also shown that adaptive ML detection provides BER performance close to ideal coherent detection (CD) in AWGN channels.