Emergent Synchronization in Multi-Elevator System and Dispatching Control

Takashi HIKIHARA  Shinichi UESHIMA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E80-A   No.9   pp.1548-1533
Publication Date: 1997/09/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Nonlinear Theory and its Applications)
Category: 
Keyword: 
emergent phenomenon,  synchronization,  multielevator,  dispatching control,  

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Summary: 
In this paper, we discuss an emergent behavior of a multi-elevator system. The system includes multiple elevators in an office building and the Poisson arrival of passengers as its input. Elevators move up and down to serve calls and carry passengers according to given working rules. The system is a representative discrete event dynamic system, and is a nonlinear complex system. When people leave a building at the closing time, the down-peak traffic of passengers occurs. We show numerically that (1) this causes a jamming effect, which reduces the transportation efficiency, (2) there exists a threshold in the arrival rate of passengers, at which the traffic rate starts decreasing, and (3) this jamming effect is due to the synchronization of elevators. Then we propose a dispatching control that prevents elevators from synchronizing. This control is applied to each elevator as an anxiliary working rule. We can remove the jamming effect and recover the transportation efficiency by the control.