An Initial Acquisition Method for M-Ary Spread-Spectrum Signals Using Hadamard Code Sequences

Tadahiro WADA  Takaya YAMAZATO  Masaaki KATAYAMA  Akira OGAWA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E80-A   No.11   pp.2172-2179
Publication Date: 1997/11/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Information Theory and Its Applications)
Category: Communications/Coded Modulation/Spread Spectrum
Keyword: 
M-ary/SS communication system,  initial acquisition method,  carrier frequency offset,  Hadamard code sequences,  

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Summary: 
In this paper, we examine a new initial symbol acquisition method for M-ary spread-spectrum (M-ary/SS) signals that are affected by large carrier frequency offset. By the effect of the carrier frequency offset, preamble signal energy is dispersed to the undersired outputs. The proposed method is based on the collection of such dispersed signal energies by using reference patterns. The reference patterns are constructed by using the characteristic of Hadamard code sequences. The effectiveness of the proposed method is evaluated in terms of mean acquisition time.