On Methods for Reconfiguring Processor Arrays

Noritaka SHIGEI  Hiromi MIYAJIMA  Takayuki ISHIZAKA  Sadayuki MURASHIMA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E79-D   No.8   pp.1139-1146
Publication Date: 1996/08/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Architectures, Algorithms and Networks for Massively Parallel Computing)
Category: Interconnection Networks
processor array,  reconfiguration,  fabrication yield,  spare processor,  WSI,  

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To enhance fabrication yield for processor arrays, many reconfiguration schemes for replacing faulty processing elements (PE's) with spare PE's have been proposed. An array grid model based on single-tracks is one of such models. For this model, some algorithms for reconfiguring processor arrays have been proposed. However, an algorithm which can reconfigure the array, whenever the array is reconfigurable, has not been proposed yet. This paper presents two types of methods for reconfiguration of processor arrays. Both the types use indirect replacements for reconfiguring arrays. For an indirect replacement of a faulty non-spare PE, one has a fixed direction, the other has at most four directions among which one is chosen. For the former, we consider the several distribution of spare PE's, and computer simulations show a tendency in the term of difference in the distributions. The latter algorithms consist of two phases. In the first phase, rows and columns of spare PE's are decided in accordance with a rule. Several rules for deciding spare PE's are considered in this paper. In the second phase, faulty non-spare PE's are replaced with healthy spare PE's. By simulations the performance of the algorithms are evaluated and a tendency is shown in the terms of difference in disposition of spare PE's.