Optical Flow Detection Using a General Noise Model

Naoya OHTA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E79-D   No.7   pp.951-957
Publication Date: 1996/07/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Image Processing,Computer Graphics and Pattern Recognition
Keyword: 
image motion,  maximum likelihood estimation,  least-squares criterion,  covariance matrix,  generalized eigenvalues,  derivative kernels,  

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Summary: 
In the usual optical flow detection, the gradient constraint, which expresses the relationship between the gradient of the image intensity and its motion, is combined with the least-squares criterion. This criterion means assuming that only the time derivative of the image intensity contains noise. In this paper, we assume that all image derivatives contain noise and derive a new optical flow detection technique. Since this method requires the knowledge about the covariance matrix of the noise, we also discuss a method for its estimation. Our experiments show that the proposed method can compute optical flow more accurately than the conventional method.