A Method for Displaying Virtual Spaces of Natural Scenes Employing Fractal-Based Shape Data Simplification and Visual Properties

Noriaki KUWAHARA  Shin-ichi SHIWA  Fumio KISHINO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E79-D   No.6   pp.781-791
Publication Date: 1996/06/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Multimedia Computing and Communications)
real time 3D CG,  fractal,  tree,  virtual reality,  virtual space teleconferencing,  

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In order to display complicated virtual spaces in real time, such as spaces consisting of a dynamic natural scenery, we earlier proposed a method for simplifying the shape data of 3-D trees whereby the amount of shape data is efficiently reduced. The method generates tree shapes based on a fractal model according to the required level of details (LOD). By using a texture-mapping technique, we experimentally showed that our method can display 3-D tree images with allowable image quality in real time. However, methods for controlling the LOD of 3-D tree shapes in virtual spaces have yet to be discussed. In this paper, quantitative evaluations were made on the effect of a data simplification method employing such visual properties as resolution difference between the central vision and peripheral vision. Results showed that it is possible to display a complicated scene containing many trees in real time by controlling the LOD of tree shapes in the virtual space considering such visual properties. Furthermore, so that reality can be added to the virtual space, we consider that it is important to display the natural sways of wind-blown trees and plants in real time. Therefore, we propose a method for generating sway data for simplified tree shape data based on a simple physical model, in which each branch is connected to several other branches by springs, and also a new texture-mapping technique for rendering simplified tree shapes, making it appear as if the shapes have a high LOD. Finally, we show some examples of images of trees generated in real time by using our method, in which many trees exist and sway due to wind.