environments" for animations. First, the intermediate representations are shown according to the idea of actors. Actors and non-actors are represented as primitives of objects, whereas actions as those of events. Temporal and spatial constraints by a given NLD text are imposed upon the primitives. Then, the representations containing unknown temporal or spatial parameters --time and coordinates-- are translated into evaluation functions, where the unlikelihood of the deviations from the predicted temporal or spatial relations are estimated. Particularly, the functions concerning actor's movements contain both temporal and spatial parameters. Next, the sum of all the evaluation functions is minimized by a nonlinear optimization method. Thus, the most proper actors' time-table, or scenario, and non-actors' location-table, or environment, for visualization are obtained. Implementation and experiments show that both temporal and spatial information in NLDs are well connected through actors' movements for visualization." />


Visualization of Temporal and Spatial Information in Natural Language Descriptions

Hiromi BABA  Tsukasa NOMA  Naoyuki OKADA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E79-D   No.5   pp.591-599
Publication Date: 1996/05/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Image Processing,Computer Graphics and Pattern Recognition
Keyword: 
visualization,  computer animation,  temporal and spatial information,  natural language understanding,  optimization,  

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Summary: 
This paper discusses visualization of temporal and spatial information in natural language descriptions (NLDs), focusing on the translation process of intermediate representations of NLDs to proper scenarios" and environments" for animations. First, the intermediate representations are shown according to the idea of actors. Actors and non-actors are represented as primitives of objects, whereas actions as those of events. Temporal and spatial constraints by a given NLD text are imposed upon the primitives. Then, the representations containing unknown temporal or spatial parameters --time and coordinates-- are translated into evaluation functions, where the unlikelihood of the deviations from the predicted temporal or spatial relations are estimated. Particularly, the functions concerning actor's movements contain both temporal and spatial parameters. Next, the sum of all the evaluation functions is minimized by a nonlinear optimization method. Thus, the most proper actors' time-table, or scenario, and non-actors' location-table, or environment, for visualization are obtained. Implementation and experiments show that both temporal and spatial information in NLDs are well connected through actors' movements for visualization.