Segmentation of Brain MR Images Based on Neural Networks

Rachid SAMMOUDA  Noboru NIKI  Hiromu NISHITANI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E79-D   No.4   pp.349-356
Publication Date: 1996/04/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Image Processing,Computer Graphics and Pattern Recognition
Keyword: 
magnetic resonance images,  segmentation,  artificial neural networks,  optimization,  local minimum,  global minimum,  

Full Text: PDF>>
Buy this Article




Summary: 
In this paper, we present some contributions to improve a previous work's approach presented for the segmentation of magnetic resonance images of the human brain, based on the unsupervised Hopfield neural network. We formulate the segmentation problem as a minimization of an energy function constructed with two terms, the cost-term as a sum of errors' squares, and the second term is a temporary noise added to the cost-term as an excitation to the network to escape from certain local minimums and be more close to the global minimum. Also, to ensure the convergence of the network and its utility in clinic with useful results, the minimization is achieved with a step function permitting the network to reach its stability corresponding to a local minimum close to the global minimum in a prespecified period of time. We present here our approach segmentations results of a patient data diagnosed with a metastatic tumor in the brain, and we compare them to those obtained based on, previous works using Hopfield neural networks, Boltzmann machine and the conventional ISODATA clustering technique.