InGaAs/GaAs Tetrahedral-Shaped Recess Quantum Dot(TSR-QD)Technology

Yuji AWANO  Yoshiki SAKUMA  Yoshihiro SUGIYAMA  Takashi SEKIGUCHI  Shunichi MUTO  Naoki YOKOYAMA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E79-C   No.11   pp.1557-1561
Publication Date: 1996/11/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Quantum Effect Devices and Their Fabrication Technologies)
nanometer technology,  quantum dot,  MOVPE,  cathodoluminescence,  photoluminescence,  self-organization,  

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This paper discusses our newly developed technology for making GaAs/InGaAs/GaAs Tetrahedral-Shaped Recess (TSR) quantum dots. The heterostructures were grown by low-pressure MOVPE in tetrahedral-shaped recesses created on a (111) B oriented GaAs substrate using anisotropic chemical etching. We examined these structures by using cathodoluminescence (CL) measurements, and observed lower energy emissions from the bottoms of, and higher energy emissions from the walls of the TSRs. This suggests carrier confinement at the bottoms with the lowest potential energy. We carried out microanlaysis of the structures by using TEM and EDX, and found an In-rich region that had grown vertically from the bottom of the TSR with a (111)B-like bond configuration. We also measured a smaller diamagnetic shift of the lower energy photoluminecscence (PL) peak in the structure. Based on these results, we have concluded that the quantum dots are formed at the bottoms of TSRs, mainly because of the dependence of InAs composition on the local crystalline structure in this system. We also studied the lateral distribution and vertical alignment of TSR quantum dots by CL and PL measurements respectively. The advantages of TSR quantum dot technology can be summarized as follows: (i) better control in dot positioning in the lateral direction, (ii) realization of dot sizes exceeding limitations posed by lithography, (iii) high uniformity of dot size, and (iv) vertical alignment of quantum dots.