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Time Delay Spread in Microcellular Environment for Personal Communication Systems
Tatsuo FURUNO Tokio TAGA
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
Publication Date: 1996/09/25
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Personal Communications)
Category: Radio propagation and channel modeling
RMS delay spread, high-speed digital mobile communication, microcellular system, geometrical street model, diffraction wave,
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Microcellular systems are suitable as personal mobile communication systems because of their high channel re-use efficiency and low transmission power. To implement a microcellular system, the antennas of base stations should be low enough, compared to the buildings around them, to reduce the interference to or from other base stations. In high-speed digital mobile radio communications, the time delay spread caused by multipath propagation is a significant factor in determining the maximum data transmission rate. In the case of a low-antenna-height microcellular system, the propagation characteristics rapidly change when the mobile terminal moves from a line-of-sight (LOS) location to a non-line-of-sight (NLOS) location. In this paper, the time dealy spread characteristics under LOS and NLOS conditions are examined using a geometrical street model which has a reflecting wall at one end of the street on which the base station is located. The RMS delay spreads are calculated using optical ray theory, taking into consideration the wedge diffraction on the street corner. If a reflecting wall exists, the RMS delay spread increases as the mobile terminal moves away from the base station under LOS conditions, or away from the street corner under NLOS conditions. The calculated results agree with the experimental results if measuring equipment noise is taken into consideration.