Measurement and Prediction of Two-Dimensional Fading Map in a Hallway

Hajime SUZUKI  Ananda S. MOHAN  Jian-Guo WANG  Hatsuo YABE  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E79-B   No.9   pp.1192-1198
Publication Date: 1996/09/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Personal Communications)
Category: Radio propagation and channel modeling
indoor radio propagation,  multipath fading,  ray tracing,  

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As the demand of wireless personal communications networks increases, detailed chracteristics of indoor radio propagation in UHF band are required. In this paper, multipath fading characteristics at 1 GHz in an indoor mobil (walking speed) channel are investigated. By using a computer-controlled antenna scanner, signal strength was measured at 1400 points with a quarter wavelength resolution, which forms a two-dimensional fading map. The fading characteristics were found to be mainly dominated by the signals through the LOS path and the reflected paths due to two side-walls and one front-wall. It is analytically shown that middle-scale (over three wavelengths) fading is caused by the reflection from the side-walls, and periodical small-scale (equal to or less than a wavelength) fading is caused by the reflection from the front-wall. A software simulator based on geometric optics was developed in order to predict the measured fades. A modified algorithm for the two-dimensional ray launching technique which removes the necessity of checking the "multiple-counted rays" is presented. Comparison between measurements and predictions shows good agreement highlighting the usefulness of the two-dimensional simulator as a tool for channel design.