On End System Behavior for Explicit Forward Congestion Indication of ABR Service and Its Performance

Arata KOIKE  Hideo KITAZUME  Hiroshi SAITO  Mika ISHIZUKA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E79-B   No.4   pp.605-610
Publication Date: 1996/04/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Communication Networks and Services
Keyword: 
ATM,  Available Bit Rate,  EFCI,  performance evaluation,  simulation,  

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Summary: 
This paper investigates Available Bit Rate (ABR) traffic control based on the Explicit Forward Congestion Indication (EFCI). A flow control mechanism is specified for ABR service to control the source rate. Resource Management (RM) cells are used to convey feedback. A source sends a forward RM cell for at least every N cells sent. At the destination, a forward RM cell turns around as a backward RM cell and returns to the source. A data cell has EFCI-bit in its header field. A network element sets EFCI-bit if it is congested. A destination indicates congestion status of networks by using RM cells based on the value of the EFCI-bit of the data cells. A one-bit feedback scheme is used by the ATM Forum. However, indication schemes have also been proposed which use explicit indication of source rate based both on values of the EFCI-bit of data cells and on other information contained in a forward RM cell. We evaluated explicit indication schemes as well as a one-bit scheme by simulation. Simulation study showed explicit cell rate indication gives superior performance than one-bit indication especially for long round trip distances. In this paper, we report the results with brief discussion.