A Dynamic Channel Assignment Strategy Using Information on Speed and Moving Direction for Micro Cellular Systems

Kazunori OKADA  Duk-kyu PARK  Shigetoshi YOSHIMOTO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E79-B   No.3   pp.279-288
Publication Date: 1996/03/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Advanced Adaptive Radio Communication Technologies)
Category: Access, Network
dynamic channel assignment,  micro cellular system,  handover,  forced call termination,  channel change,  

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The dynamic channel assignment (DCA) strategy proposed here uses information on the mobile station speed and direction of motion to reduce the number of forced call terminations and channel changes in micro cellular systems. This SMD (speed and moving direction) strategy is compared with the main DCA strategies by simulating a one-dimensional service area covering a road on which there are high-speed mobile stations (HSMSs) and low-speed mobile stations (LSMSs).The simulation results show that the SMD strategy has the best performance in terms of forced call termination and channel change. The performance difference between the SMD strategy and the other DCA strategies increases as cell size decreases and as HSMS speed increases. While the SMD strategy does not yield the best total call blocking rate, its total carried load is the best when cells are small and HSMS speed is high. Also, the SMD performance improves when the HSMS offered load is small and the LSMS offered load is large. Although the SMD strategy requires information on the speed and direction of each mobile station and it increases call blockings somewhat, it reduces the number of forced call terminations and channel changes considerably, which is important in micro cellular systems.