Matched Design Method for Concatenated Trellis-Coded Modulation


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E79-A   No.11   pp.1911-1917
Publication Date: 1996/11/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Information Theory and Coding Theory
trellis-coded modulation,  concatenated code,  weight distribution,  

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A new design method, which is referred to as the matched design method, for concatenated trellis-coded modulation (TCM) is presented. Most of the conventional concatenated TCM employs TCM designed to maximize the minimum squared Euclidean free distance, d2free. With the matched design method, we maximize d21(t) instead of d2free, where d21(t) is the effective minimum squared Euclidean distance (MSED) when the outer code has a t-error correcting capability. The effective MSED is derived from the Euclidean/Hamming (E/H) joint weight distribution of terminated TCM. We here assume the concatenated TCM whose transmitted symbol corresponds to a symbol of outer code. The new classes of 2-dimensional (2D) and 4-dimensional (4D) codes are found by a computer search. Under the performance measures of the effective MSED or the effective multiplicity, these codes are superior to the conventional codes such as the Ungerboeck's 2D-codes when those are used as an inner code. We disclose an interesting fact that the new class of codes using rate-1/2 encoder is superior to the class of codes using rate-2/3 encoder. This fact implies that the codes using rate-1/2 encoder have two advantages: 1) better overall decoding performance and 2) less decoding complexity.