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Simultaneous Estimation of Vocal Tract and Voice Source Parameters Based on an ARX Model
Wen DING Hideki KASUYA Shuichi ADACHI
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems
Publication Date: 1995/06/25
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Spoken Language Processing)
ARX model, Kalman filter, voicing source model, simulated annealing method,
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A novel adaptive pitch-synchronous analysis method is proposed to estimate simultaneously vocal tract (formant/antiformant) and voice source parameters from speech waveforms. We use the parametric Rosenberg-Klatt (RK) model to generate a glottal waveform and an autoregressive-exogenous (ARX) model to represent voiced speech production process. The Kalman filter algorithm is used to estimate the formant/antiformant parameters from the coefficient of the ARX model, and the simulated annealing method is employed as a nonlinear optimization approach to estimate the voice source parameters. The two approaches work together in a system identification procedure to find the best set of the parameters of both the models. The new method has been compared using synthetic speech with some other approaches in terms of accuracy of estimated parameter values and has been proved to be superior. We also show that the proposed method can estimate accurately the parameters from natural speech sounds. A major application of the analysis method lies in a concatenative formant synthesizer which allows us to make flexible control of voice quality of synthetic speech.