Multi-Ocular 3D Shape Measurement without Feature Extraction Using Backprojection Method

Kenpo TSUCHIYA  Shuji HASHIMOTO  Toshiaki MATSUSHIMA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E78-D   No.12   pp.1607-1614
Publication Date: 1995/12/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Machine Vision Applications)
Category: 
Keyword: 
3D-measurement,  voting,  pixel data,  backprojection,  3D-image,  modeling,  

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Summary: 
In this paper, we propose a new method to measure the 3D object shape without special purpose lighting based upon the Backprojection of Pixel Data.This method need not extract feature points such as edges from images at all and can measure not only the feature points but the whole object surface. It is simply done by project all pixel data back into the object space from each image. Actually, we first assign all pixel data of images into voxels in the object space, and evaluate the variance of assigned data for all voxels. This process is based on the idea that a point on the object surface gives the similar color information or gray level when it is observed from different view points. Then, two kinds of voting are executed as an enhancement process to eliminate the voxels containing the false points. We present experimental results under the circular constraint of camera movement and show the possibility of the proposed method.