An Asymptotically Zero Power Charge-Recycling Bus Architecture for Battery-Operated Ultrahigh Data Rate ULSI'S

Hiroyuki YAMAUCHI  Hironori AKAMATSU  Tsutomu FUJITA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E78-C    No.6    pp.671-679
Publication Date: 1995/06/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on the 1994 VLSI Circuits Symposium (Joint Issue with the IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Vol. 30, No. 4 April 1995))

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An asymptotically zero power charge recycling bus (CRB) architecture, featuring virtual stacking of the individual bus-capacitance into a series configuration between supply voltage and ground, has been proposed. This CRB architecture makes it possible to reduce not only each bus-swing but also a total equivalent bus-capacitance of the ultramultibit buses running in parallel. The voltage swing of each bus is given by the recycled charge-supplying from the upper adjacent bus capacitance, instead of the power line. The dramatical power reduction was verified by the simulated and measured data. According to these data, the ultrahigh data rate of 25.6 Gb/s can be achieved while maintaining the power dissipation to be less than 100 mW, which corresponds to less than 10% that of the previously reported 0.9 V suppressed bus-swing scheme, at Vcc = 3.6 V for the bus width of 512 b with the bus-capacitance of 14 pF per bit operating at 50 MHz.