Vertical Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser Array for 1.3 µm Range Parallel Optical Fiber Transmissions

Toshihiko BABA  Yukiaki YOGO  Katsumasa SUZUKI  Tomonobu KONDO  Fumio KOYAMA  Kenichi IGA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E78-C   No.2   pp.201-203
Publication Date: 1995/02/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Opto-Electronics
Keyword: 
surface-emitting laser,  laser array,  semiconductor laser,  buried heterostructure,  GaInAsP/InP,  optical fiber communication,  

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Summary: 
Long-wavelength 1.3 µm GaInAsP/InP vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) have been demonstrated in an array configuration. With the strong current confinement by a buried heterostructure and the efficient optical feedback by a dielectric cavity, five VCSEL elements in a 24 array operated at room temperature with 5 mW total power output and wavelength error within 5%. The stacked planar optics including the VCSEL array is a promising optical transmitter in ultra large scale parallel optical communication systems.