Polarization Dependence of Soliton Interactions in Femtosecond Soliton Transmission

Tomoki SUGAWA  Kenji KUROKAWA  Hirokazu KUBOTA  Masataka NAKAZAWA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E78-C   No.1   pp.28-37
Publication Date: 1995/01/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Ultrafast Optoelectronics)
femtosecond pulse,  soliton,  polarization,  soliton interaction,  soliton self-frequency shift,  

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The polarization dependence of femtosecond soliton-soliton interactions is investigated in detail. When the polarization direction of two solitons is orthogonal, the soliton interaction can be reduced in comparison to that for parallel polarization. The soliton self-frequency shift (SSFS) is still observed even in the orthogonal condition, but the quantity of the SSFS is much smaller than in the parallel condition. A stronger soliton interaction is observed between two solitons in an in-phase condition, than in an out-of-phase condition. The largest SSFS occurs in-phase with parallel polarization. The polarization dependence of femtosecond soliton interaction in a distributed erbium-doped fiber amplifier (DEDFA) is also investigated. It is shown that when the optical gain of the DEDFA is given adiabatically, the input pulse separation at which the first soliton occurs is less with orthogonal polarization. This is because the soliton pulse width is reduced due to the adiabatic soliton narrowing caused by the optical amplification.