High Speed Datagram Delivery over Internet Using ATM Technology

Hiroshi ESAKI  Masataka OHTA  Ken-ichi NAGAMI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E78-B   No.8   pp.1208-1218
Publication Date: 1995/08/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Communication Networks and Service
ATM,  Internet,  IP,  bypass,  cell-relaying,  redirection,  

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This paper proposes a high throughput small latent IP packet delivery architecture using ATM technology in a large scaled internet. Data-link network segments, including ATM network segments, are interconnected through routers. A connection oriented IP packet delivery will be provided by IP (including both IPv4 and IPv6) with a certain resource reservation protocol (e.g. RSVP). When the router attached to ATM network segment has a mapping function between the flow-ID (e.g. in the SIPP header) and the VPI/VCI value, the small latent connection oriented IP forwarding can be provided. Also, when the router has cell-relaying functionality, the small latent connectionless IP forwarding can be provided, even in IPv4. The source router, where the source end-station belongs to, will be able to transfer the connectionless IP packet to the destination router, where the destination end-station belongs to, through the concatenated ATM connections (ATM-VCCs) without any ATM-VCC termination point. When all of the network segments are ATM-LAN, the proposed architecture can accommodate about up to 222 (4106) end-stations with two network layer processing points. And when the network is scaled up hierarchally, we can accommodate larger number of end-stations. For example, we can accommodate 1015 end-stations by a three layered network. Then the maximum number of actual network layer processing points between source and destination end-stations can be ten. Here, 1015 is the maximum number of end-stations in ISDN and also it is the target number of accommodated end-stations for IPv6.