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All-Optical Timing Clock Extraction Using Multiple Wavelength Pumped Brillouin Amplifier
Hiroto KAWAKAMI Yutaka MIYAMOTO Tomoyoshi KATAOKA Kazuo HAGIMOTO
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
Publication Date: 1995/05/25
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Optical Signal Processing and Its Applications to Telecommunications)
Brillouin amplifier, optical timing extraction quality factor, free spectrum range, optical resonator,
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This paper discusses an all-optical tank circuit that uses the comb-shaped gain spectrum generated by a Brillouin amplifier. The theory of timing clock extraction is shown for two cases: with two gains and with three gains. In both cases, the waveform of the extracted timing clock is simulated. According to the simulation, unlike an ordinary tank circuit, the amplitude of the extracted clock is not constant even though the quality factor (Q) is infinite. The extracted clock is clearly influenced by the pattern of the original data stream if the Brillouin gain is finite. The ratio of the maximum extracted clock amplitude to the minimum extracted amplitude is calculated as a function of Brillouin gain. The detuning of the pump light frequency is also discussed. It induces not only changes in the Brillouin gain, but also phase shift in the amplified light. The relation between the frequency drift of the pump lights and the jitter of the extracted timing clock is shown, in both cases: two pump lights are used and three pump lights are used. It is numerically shown that when the all pump lights have the same frequency drift, i.e., their frequency separation is constant, the phase of the extracted clock is not influenced by the frequency drift of the pump lights. The operation principle is demonstrated at 5Gbit/s, 2.5Gbit/s, and 2Gbit/s using two pumping techniques. The parameters of quality factor and the suppression ratio in the baseband domain are measured. Q and the suppression ratio are found to be 160 and 28dB, respectively.