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A Bipolar Very Low-Voltage Multiplier Core Using a Quadritail Cell
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
Publication Date: 1995/05/25
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section LETTER (Special Section of Letters Selected from the 1994 IEICE Fall Conference)
low-voltage, multiplier core, four-quadrant analog multiplier, quadritail cell, multitail technique, bipolar,
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A bipolar low-voltage multiplier core is presented. The proposed low-voltage multiplier core is built from a bipolar quadritail cell. Voltages applied to the individual bases of the transistors in the bipolar quadritail cell are aVxbVy, (a1)Vx(b1)Vy ,aVx(b1)Vy, and (a1)VxbVy, where Vx and Vy are the input signals, and a and b are constants, for example, VxVy, O, Vx, and Vy. Simple input systems using resistive dividers are also described. The dc transfer characteristics were verified on a breadboard using transistor-arrays and discrete components. The dc transfer characteristic of the proposed multiplier core is very close to that of the Gilbert multiplier cell, but the proposed multiplier core is operable on low supply voltage. Therefore, a bipolar multiplier core using a quadritail cell is a low-voltage version of the Gilbert multiplier cell. The proposed bipolar multiplier is practically useful because it can be easily implemented in integrated circuits by utilizing a multiplier core and a resistor-only input system, and it also operates at very lowvoltage. Therefore, the proposed bipolar multipliers are very suitable for low-power operation.