Analysis of Nonohmic Piezoelectric Resonator Contacts

Noboru WAKATSUKI  Masaaki ONO  Kenji FUKAYAMA  Masanori YACHI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E77-C   No.10   pp.1587-1591
Publication Date: 1994/10/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Recent Electromechanical Devices)
Category: Actuator and Resonator
piezoelectric resonator,  nonohmic contact,  conductive resin,  

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Single-crystal LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 piezo-electric resonators were developed for surface-mount technology (SMT) used in electronic equipment manufacturing. Using an energy-trapping design, a shear-mode piezoelectric resonator chip is bonded directly to the board with conductive resin and covered with a ceramic cap. The process occasionally produces nonlinear resonators, however, which led us to study the frequency characteristics of impedances for the abnormal samples. Their input impedances at the resonant frequency depended on the driving voltage. The insulator between the thin film metal electrode on the crystal strip or the thick film electrode on the ceramic base, in conjunction with silver balls in the adhesive resin, apparently caused the problem. Assuming that the insulator makes diode contacts, which show stable nonohmic phenonena or cause a discharge in a conductor causing a drastically changing in the impedance, we proposed the following corrective action:subject the nonohmic contacts to a high-voltage frequency-swept signal near the resonant frequency. The samples subjected to the high voltages recovered metalic contact and maintained even after severe thermal cycle testing.