Voice Activity Detection and Transmission Error Control for Digital Cordless Telephone System


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E77-B   No.7   pp.948-955
Publication Date: 1994/07/25
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications)
radio communication,  ADPCM,  voice activity detection,  comfort noise,  transmission error control,  

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Personal Handy Phone (PHP), the Japanese digital cordless telephone system is being developed. The 32kbits/s ADPCM (Adaptive Differential Pulse Code Modulation) codec has been standardized for PHP. This paper describes firstly, the advanced algorithms of a Voice Activity Detection (VAD) function that reduces power dissipation of a digital cordless telephone terminal, secondly, a comfort noise generator operates in conjunction with the VAD and finally, a transmission error control based on the use of the prediction coefficients generated in the ADPCM codec. These proposed algorithms function in the low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) environment of personal radio communications. The quality of the reconstructed speech after the process is influenced by the VAD decision errors (false detection when no voice is present, or no detection when voice is present) , the similarity of the generated comfort noise to the actual background noise, and the transmission quality. The simulation results of the performance achieved by these algorithms are shown and required loading of the computation are also given.